A Surgical Plight
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“Incels” are going under the knife to reshape their faces, and their dating prospects.
Lewis Spitz FRCS born August in Pretoria  is a paediatric surgeon who was most notable for championing the plight of those with cerebral palsy and other congenital disorders whose foregut and its function disabled their ability to eat; demonstrating that appropriate surgery could improve their quality of life and for treatment of conjoined twins thereby becoming the foremost international expert in this field.
Spitz undertook his early education, at the Christian Brothers College, Pretoria , an English speaking Catholic school that provides an Christian education. In , Spitz was awarded the Clement Price Thomas Award , named after Clement Price Thomas , In recognition of his outstanding contributions to treatment of conjoined twins. The following journal articles, written or co-edited by Spitz, have high citation counts, i.
Parents pained at plight of Veena-Vani, agree for surgery | Hyderabad News - Times of India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lewis Spitz. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Wits University. Retrieved 23 October Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons. General News: American College of Surgeons. The first patient was black, and the second was white; Eppley suspected cultural standards were at the root of the difference.
Some Eppley specialties — like a wide jaw or prominent brow — are universally male, triggered by the hormone testosterone during puberty. Others are arbitrary. Custom implants allow him to adapt to trends more rapidly than other surgeons, who mostly use standard shapes. She manages the finances; Eppley tries to stay in the dark about the cost of the procedures he performs. He has also gotten a rhinoplasty, temple implants, and mouth widening from Eppley.
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He is bisexual and hoped cosmetic surgery would help him date more. He saw it as within the normal, if expensive, range of body improvements, like dieting.
There was one in particular — Colton Haynes from Teen Wolf — who spoke in a monotone voice that reminded Matthew a lot of his own. Matthew has striking blue eyes with pale lashes, and, thanks to the procedures, a wide jaw and jutting chin.
He lives with his parents and works at Best Buy, an arrangement he originally conceived to help save up for surgery. But it matters to him. They were particularly interested in the custom facial implants designed by Eppley and a team of engineers at the Colorado firm 3D Systems, which are then manufactured, usually in silicone, by a California company called Implant Tech.
Patients participate in the process down to the millimeter. When I show an incel forum to Eppley, he at first seems confused by the anonymous usernames. We look at a thread by a user named Saiyan who has posted images of his designs for Eppley cheekbone implants and post-op selfies. Some surgeons will not operate on patients they believe may have body dysmorphia. On forums, incels argue that the diagnosis is often a kind of reverse discrimination and that women seeking invasive procedures to fix relatively small flaws are not greeted as skeptically. In , he sued a former patient who was waging an online war on his practice, creating dozens of SEO-hogging sites e.
Her face-lift revision had resulted in a permanent breathing problem, she claimed to filmmakers in the HBO documentary Plastic Disasters, although she never filed a medical-malpractice suit and doctors who subsequently examined her found no surgery-related abnormalities. Eppley now trains assistants on how to monitor patient communications for signs of mental instability. Far more are like Truth4lie: not white, but convinced that most paragons of male beauty are. They repost scientific research on the importance of symmetry and harmony in universal standards of beauty. They discuss the Golden Mask, a Platonic ideal of a face designed by a California surgeon using the ratio of phi.
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That Stefano Gabbana and Domenico Dolce are gay designers best known for an aesthetic of homoerotic high camp was an irony most incels missed. The more Truth4lie read about Eppley, the more the doctor seemed capable of turning even Truth4lie into a Chad.
He remembers one widely shared photo showing what it said was an Eppley patient with a new chin, a new jaw, a new forehead, new temples, and a new skull. The first time Truth4lie saw Eppley was during a video consultation one summer afternoon in He was living in an apartment his parents owned. He is squinting into the camera. He reminds me of Joseph Gordon-Levitt with a wider face. The surgery came with risks, Eppley explained: infection, malposition, asymmetry.
In young men getting multiple procedures, the likelihood that one would need to be revised was high. And it was impossible to precisely predict, even for an experienced surgeon, how large or small an implant would look once it was covered with soft tissue. Truth4lie understood, he told the doctor. The operation would include a rhinoplasty revision.
That October, Truth4lie would take the hour flight to Indianapolis, his first trip to America.
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He was more nervous about being unable to shield himself from judgmental glances at the crowded airport than about the procedure. Everything in America was too big. A nurse had him read some paperwork. The procedures would take six weeks to heal, and the swelling might continue even longer. He felt no pain. The appendage looked straighter, more male. As Truth4lie left the surgical center, he made eye contact with the nurses and staff, trying to gauge their reaction to his new face. Back at his hotel, he ordered room service and watched TV.
His jaw was still swaddled in bandages, and his mouth was filled with blood. When he removed the bandages, his jaw was not yet swollen. He admired its width and dreamed of a new life. I need women, lots of women, to make up for my miserable life. I need a new social circle, a new identity, a new life. I want to live in hotels in tropical countries and live a playboy life there, only fucking hot blonde European girls.
I have the money, I have the freedom. I need to go and leave this goddamn rotten place, need to leave everything behind, my old life. He had been a user on the forum Pick Up Artist Hate puahate. In the past decade, seven mass killings have been attributed to incels or adjacent online misogynists. It was that, suicide, or surgery, they said. Incels I spoke to framed posts like this as a kind of dark humor, helping them face painful truths about the world with a shield of irony. But trolling also seemed like a gateway to extreme ideas. Cosmetic surgery seemed to serve a similar function to trolling but on a grander, more permanent scale.
Incels said it would help them to live more normal lives and alleviate loneliness and depression. Just as often, it seemed to carve their prejudices in bone. Might as well just go with prostitutes. Relax and try to enjoy life, replied another user, who had also undergone surgery. Machismo has other consequences as well.